What is YoY Growth? Formula + Calculator

is yoy

Investors will want to know how a stock or investment has been performing on a YOY basis when comparing different investment options. For example, if a company looks at revenues YOY, it is interested to see how the its revenues are changing, every year, over time. Executive managers, financial analysts, and business professionals will typically look at the year-over-year trend for several years to see if the company is doing better, staying constant, or getting worse. Typically, the 10-K report is more detailed than the 10-Q reports, and so financial analysts will use it as the basis for making ratings recommendations. Around the holiday season in the fourth calendar quarter of the year, a surge in consumer purchasing takes place.

is yoy

For example, many retail businesses experience substantial sales growth during the fourth quarter because of the holiday season. While this is certainly nice to experience as a business, comparing revenue from that quarter to revenue in other quarters that year might give us a misleading picture of that company’s growth. In most cases, YoY growth will compare monthly or quarterly performance, but any time period will do so long as you have at least a full year’s worth of data.

What else do I need to know about YoY comparisons?

Pete Rathburn is a copy editor and fact-checker with expertise in economics and personal finance and over twenty years of experience in the classroom. In the other states, the program is sponsored by Community Federal Savings Bank, to which we’re a service provider. Discover the Wise Business account requirements to the US and learn how to open a business account online. The most popular among them are month-over-month, year-to-date, and quarter-over-quarter.

is yoy

MRMD MRMD released its financial results for the second quarter ended June 30, 2023, revealing revenue of $36.5 million, an increase of 10.7% compared to $33 million in Q2 2022. YoY is used by businesses to see how much growth (or loss) they’ve had over a specific time period. In business, companies will look at their growth, sales, profits, and other measures YOY to see how they are performing. YOY calculations are done to evaluate investment returns, company performance, economic trends, and so on. Although YOY analysis can be applied to any time series of data, in business, there are some financial measures that are commonly evaluated using a YOY analysis. YOY provides valuable information for companies as it assesses a particular set of data over a period of a year, which includes seasonal volatility and other business cycles occurring in a one-year period.

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The feature phones market share is further expected to increase to 18% by the end of 2023 on the back of growing demand for UPI, and multiple launches from OEMs. Since the evaluation is done on a “year” over a “year” basis, you will reduce the impact of seasonal or cyclical changes affecting your data. Financial analysts, investors, company managers, board members, and shareholders can compare practically any quantifiable event over time on an annualized basis.

Year over Year (YoY) analysis is a useful tool for financial analysis, but it is important to understand both its advantages and limitations. The advantages of using YoY analysis to evaluate financial performance include, the ease of calculation, the ability to make an apples to apples comparison, and the potential to spot trends. However, it is also important to consider the limitations of YoY analysis, such as its inability to account for all relevant factors. YoY stands for Year over Year and is a type of financial analysis used to compare results from a period of time in one year to the same period of time in the prior year.

How to Calculate and Use Year-Over-Year (YOY) Growth

This would give you the percent change in GDP from 2022 to 2021, or the year-over-year growth in GDP. Erika Rasure is globally-recognized as a leading consumer economics subject matter expert, researcher, and educator. She is a financial therapist and transformational coach, with a special interest in helping women learn how to invest. First, we’ll begin by projecting the revenue and EBIT of our company using the following assumptions. In addition, another important consideration is that growth inevitably slows down eventually for all companies. Plus, any cyclical patterns will become apparent if the historical results reflect a full economic cycle.

is yoy

No level of diversification or asset allocation can ensure profits or guarantee against losses. Article contributors are not affiliated with Acorns Advisers, LLC. Acorns is not engaged in rendering tax, legal or accounting advice. YOY also differs from the term sequential, which measures one quarter or month to the previous one and allows investors to see linear growth. For instance, the number of cell phones a tech company sold in the fourth quarter compared with the third quarter or the number of seats an airline filled in January compared with December.


Smartphone shipments in India declined by 3% year-over-year (YoY) in Q2 2023, down from 19% in Q1. Though the decline was the fourth consecutive quarterly decline, pent-up demand and improving macroeconomic conditions helped the market close at less than expected decline. YOY is a highly popular, easy, and efficient calculation allowing you to compare one set of data over a one-year period with another year period. Sequential analysis can be done daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly, semi-annually or in any other cycle. For example, if you are looking at quarterly revenues sequentially, you’ll compare Q2 to Q1, or Q3 to Q2.

Year-over-year (YoY) is simply a comparison of one period of time with the same period from the previous year. In finance, analysts will look at the YOY performance of a stock to see how well it has been doing over time. In other words, you are assessing changes in quantity, performance, quality, or any other quantifiable measure one year compared to another. To calculate the YOY change between Year 1 and Year 2, you need to take $12M – $10M and divided the result by $10. On the other hand, a sequential analysis is when you are comparing a cycle with the cycle immediately prior to it. However, if COGS are increasing while other measures are staying constant, the company may have lost some efficiency or is purchasing material at higher rates, further assessment will be required.

In this case, that would be (120,000 – 105,000) / 105,000, which gives us the same year-over-year growth of 14.3%. Invest, an individual investment account which invests in a portfolio of ETFs (exchange traded funds) recommended to clients based on their investment objectives, time horizon, and risk tolerance. Bitcoin exposure is provided through the ETF BITO, which invests in Bitcoin futures. This is considered a high-risk investment given the speculative and volatile nature.

A company that is immune to seasonal swings in consumer demand is a good candidate for quarter-over-quarter performance comparisons. If you were to compare revenues from the fourth quarter with those of the third quarter in a retail company, you might falsely deduce that the company is growing massively. If there are big increases or decreases from last year, you might have incorrectly recorded something.

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MOM (month-over-month) statistics are usually not a realistic representation of any company’s performance. The businesses that have peak seasons can show huge losses in MOM or even quarterly comparisons. But, comparing your business to the same time last year will show you all the important information. It lets you know what things you should keep up with and helps point out the mistakes you should stop making.

  • You do not actually include the current date in YTD reports as business might not have closed at the time of preparation.
  • It’s also helpful when coming up with looking at past performance to forecast out a new budget or determining how much a specific tactic or channel is performing.
  • A positive result shows a YoY gain, and a negative number shows a YoY loss.
  • Finally, YOY calculations also do not fully explain the details behind economic growth.
  • MRMD MRMD released its financial results for the second quarter ended June 30, 2023, revealing revenue of $36.5 million, an increase of 10.7% compared to $33 million in Q2 2022.
  • The material provided on the Incorporated.Zone’s website is for general information purposes only.

Year over year, or YoY for short, is a calculation used to see a business’s growth or loss compared to the same period of time during previous years. A YoY comparison can be made monthly, annually, quarterly, or for any event that repeats itself over the course of the years, such as holidays or set sales events. YoY stands for Year over Year and is a type of financial analysis that’s useful when comparing time series data. Analysts are able to deduce changes in the quantity or quality of certain business aspects with YoY analysis. In finance, investors usually compare the performance of financial instruments on a year-over-year basis to gauge whether or not an instrument is performing expected.

It gives the most precise predictions and that’s why investors often rely on using this method. Startups and new companies will have a bigger growth rate than those that are already quite profitable. Each industry has its own standards when it comes to growth rate so it’s difficult to compare. In some it’s 2%, in others 30% and they’re both considered average or good. Besides that, YOY is the best way to learn how your business is performing. Although some months are better and the profits vary, YOY sees the whole picture, including seasonal fluctuations.

How to Calculate YoY Growth

And last but not least, the year-over-year growth is a very easy metric to calculate, understand and use. Consequently, it allows us to recognize trends over time and provides insight into whether short-term goals are leading to long-term results. In contrast, year-over-year comparison of specific months or quarters can make the analysis look more reliable to stakeholders. hro relationship mgr ii in salem, nh, us at adp Arguably, the biggest advantage of year-over-year comparisons is that they minimize the effect of seasonality. Both the pageviews and sales have increased YOY by 20% and 50% respectively, resulting in an overall 25% YOY increase in conversion rate. The offline sales dropped by 20%, however, this decrease was balanced out by a 20% increase in online sales.

Cognizant Q2 net profit down 19% YoY; company retains 2023 revenue guidance – The Economic Times

Cognizant Q2 net profit down 19% YoY; company retains 2023 revenue guidance.

Posted: Thu, 03 Aug 2023 12:52:00 GMT [source]

You can determine the YoY growth rate by subtracting last year’s revenue number from this year’s revenue number. A positive result shows a YoY gain, and a negative number shows a YoY loss. Divide that result by last year’s revenue number to get the YoY growth rate. Convert that figure to a percentage by moving the decimal point two spaces to the right. YoY is a standard way to look at increases or decreases in specific funds or investments, the stock market, company revenues and inflation.

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